Project Lead: Steve Gabriel, Tracey Testo

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Agroforestry @ Cornell

Agroforestry describes a wide range of practices that integrate trees, forests, and agricultural production. These systems can be adapted to almost any site and condition, though considerations like climate, slope, soil characteristics, and grower goals will ultimately determine the crops that are appropriate for a specific piece of land.

In response to increasing interest in agroforestry over the years, Cornell has created an extension program work team and a number of tools and resources to help woodlot owners start farming their forests. Each category below has videos, guides, and websites to help, along with the contact information of key individuals in the Cornell community you can reach out to get more information.


**NEW** We have opened a short survey for anyone working with lands in New York State who is interested in agroforestry in any capacity.

Help us learn about your interest and how we can help. In addition to understanding current agroforestry adopted practices, we would like to be aware of obstacles or limitations that may be preventing agroforestry adoption to better meet the needs of farmers, landowners, and managers. Knowledge about your concerns, challenges, and needs is vital to effective extension programs and to obtain grant funding to support these efforts. Complete the survey by the end of 2021 and be entered in a raffle for free maple syrup from the Cornell Maple Program! 

It should take less than 15 minutes to complete:



Join our email list for periodic updates from the Agroforestry team!

Several of the agroforestry team were recently featured in the Maple Programs podcast "Sweet Talk". Listen to learn more and find all the episodes at

Agroforestry and Climate Change

As the climate continues to shift, agroforestry is increasingly seen as a critical solution for farms and forested landscapes both in adapting to changes as well as mitigating impacts that further negative effects on our climate. The USDA Forest Service has published a report: Agroforestry: Enhancing Resiliency in U.S. Agricultural Landscapes Under Changing Conditions based upon a national scientific assessment of agroforestry. With contributions from more than 50 experts from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, this report presents the first-ever synthesis on agroforestry as a mechanism for improving the resiliency of agricultural lands under climate change.



Agroforestry is rooted in Indigenous Knowledge

While the word "agroforestry" was coined in the 1970s, many of the practices and knowledge has long been practiced around the world. While both indigenous and non-indigenous practitioners have developed agroforestry systems, often the focus is on more recent work and indigenous contributions are overlooked. Cultural sensitivity and recognition of these deep roots is important to understanding the long-term perspective needed to successfully implement agroforestry across landscapes. Some resources for further reading:

US Forest Service Agroforestry Notes: Indigenous Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Agroforestry

Some Ecological Aspects of Northeastern American Indian Agroforestry Practices

2021 Webinar Series

Join us live for our FREE bimonthly webinar series where we share the latest research and resources on a variety of topics.

See the full press release and descriptions here.


March 31 - Sourcing Logs for Mushrooms - VIEW RECORDING

June 9th - Silvopasture Systems in New York and Capturing Carbon - VIEW RECORDING

July 21st - Growing Ginseng with Success - VIEW RECORDING

September 16 - Nut Production in New York: Past, Present, Future - VIEW RECORDING

November 17 - Maple Program Research Update - VIEW RECORDING



Link to the playlist of all previous Agroforestry webinar recordings

Each webinar will be recorded and posted to the Cornell Agroforestry website (here) as well as the Cornell Small Farms YouTube channel.



Woodland Mushrooms

Shiitake mushrooms grow on a log

Woodland Mushrooms can be grown in many forest conditions. Cornell has been researching these practices since the early 2000s.

Common species produced include Shiitake, Oyster, Lions Mane, Stropharia, and Nameko. Our program is a nationwide leader in providing guidebooks, factsheets, and videos to help you get started.

Visit for factsheets and videos describing in detail how to grow and market forest mushrooms, and connect with other growers.


Key Contacts:

Maple Syrup

CLICK to visit the Cornell Maple Program YouTube channel

Globally, humans have tapped trees and enjoyed saps and syrups for centuries. While production in New York is heavily focused on maple Syrup production, new opportunities are growing for birch and walnut syrups and for sap beverages and other value-added products.

The Cornell Sugar Maple Program web site provides maple syrup production information for people with varied syrup knowledge, activities and information for students and teachers, and extension research project information.

Also check out SWEET TALK: All Things Maple, their new podcast!




Key Contacts:

American Ginseng

An established patch of intensive woods cultivated ginseng.

Ginseng is a high-value crop that can be grown in the right type of forest and ample patience on the part of the grower.

Learn how through the series of videos above, and the downloadable guides from former Cornell Extension Educator Bob “Mr Ginseng” Beyfuss.


Key Contacts:

Tracey Testo, Agroforestry Resource Center of Greene County,



Silvopasture integrates livestock, trees, and forage and can be done in existing woodlots or by bringing trees into pasture settings. There are many variations and options for systems and the resources below offer some starting points.


Key Contacts:

Brett Chedzoy, Extension Forester Cooperative Extension Schuyler County,

Steve Gabriel, Cornell Small Farms Program,

Nut Production

 Hybrid hazel trees with jumbo grade sized nuts are successfully grown without pesticides or fungicides in USDA zones 4b/5a, in the Finger Lakes region of New York.





  • Resource Guide from Samantha Bosco: peer reviewed publications, nurseries, and more!


Key Contacts:

Sam Bosco, PhD student



The Cornell Forestry Extension Program includes information for forest owners, educators, loggers, and foresters regarding how best to engage in sustainable production on private forest lands.

Key Contacts:

Peter Smallidge, State Extension Forester,

Research and Education Sites

The Cornell Agroforestry effort includes several sites for research and education.

Browse the map or click the links below to learn more.


Arnot Forest - Maple and Forestry Research Site in Newfield, NY

Uihlein Research Forest - Maple Research Site in Lake Placid, NY

Agroforestry Resource Center - Educational site and forest in Acra, NY

MacDaniels Nut Grove - old planting by former Cornell professor, site of classes and hands on events in Ithaca NY


Our Agroforestry Team

The Cornell Agroforestry PWT works to elevate the status of agroforestry and legitimize its application in New York by identifying current practices and creating resources to expand them.

CCE staff across the state are already engaged in this work but it is often extra-curricular. This PWT will identify funding and support to enable more dedicated staff time to agroforestry either through campus of by working collectively to identify and apply for grants.


Project Partners

News and Updates

Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategies Developed for Landowners

By Rich Taber | July 4, 2010

  NY State and Pennsylvania are home to hundreds of species of birds, animals, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates.  Many populations of these species are flourishing, such as whitetail deer,…

Read More

Growing Mushrooms for Fun and Profit

By Rebecca Hargrave | April 4, 2010

  In the Fall 2009 issue of Small Farms Quarterly, Mike Farrell wrote an introductory article on some agroforestry topics, including maple syrup production and nuts. There are dozens of…

Read More

Steve is an Extension Specialist focused on specialty mushroom production and agroforestry. Throughout his career, Steve has taught thousands of people about the ways farming and forestry can be combined to both benefit the ecology and economies of small farms.  He is also a farmer, author, hiker, and musician.

Read Articles by Steve Gabriel

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Cornell Agroforestry - Subscribe for Updates and Opportunities

This list-serve provides information and resources to connect small and mid-sized farmers to larger markets such as food hubs, grocery stores, restaurants, online marketplaces and cooperatives. Farmers, educators and prospective buyers are all welcome: