Agroforestry & Woodlot | Alternative Enterprises | Field Crops & Forages | Vegetables & Fruit | Equipment | Grazing | Greenhouse & Ornamentals | Integrated Pest Management | Poultry | Urban Agriculture | Organic | Regulation & Laws
Cornell Tool Helps Maple Tree Owners Evaluate Best Use
Mike Farrell, NYS Maple Specialist, has developed a Net Present Value calculator tool that allows landowners to evaluate the option to lease trees for syrup production vs. managing their trees for saw timber production. http://maple.dnr.cornell.edu/produc/tvs/index.htm.
MacDaniels Nut Grove: Agroforestry Research and Application at Cornell University
MacDaniels Nut Grove is a forest farming and agroforestry research center located on the Cornell Plantations. The nut grove is host to student classes as well as public educational events. The online site provides information about forest farming and links to helpful resources. http://www.hort.cornell.edu/mng/index.html.
New York Forest Owners Association
The New York Forest Owners Association promotes sustainable woodland practices and improved stewardship on privately owned woodlands. Members of the NYFOA volunteer their time and resources to promote stewardship of private forests, with the not-for-profit group consisting mainly of landowners. http://www.nyfoa.org/.
USDA National Agroforestry Center
The web site for the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agroforestry Center. Features publications, events, and other resources related to agroforestry in the U.S. http://www.unl.edu/nac/.
Cornell Sugar Maple Research and Extension Program
Cornell University The Cornell Sugar Maple Program web site provides maple syrup production information for people of varied syrup knowledge, activities and information for students and teachers, extension research project information and publications, and additional resources. http://maple.dnr.cornell.edu/.
Cornell Forestry Extension Homepage
Most small farms include a woodlot that has environmental, recreational, and economic benefits. The Cornell Forestry Extension Program has many valuable resources for small farm operators who want to capitalize on the benefits of these woodlots. http://www2.dnr.cornell.edu/ext/forestconnect/.
Short-Rotation Woody Crops Program
Hosted by SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, the program’s goal is to provide a solid scientific base of information that will support the commercialization of willow biomass crops as a renewable cellulose feedstock for bioproducts and bioenergy in North America. http://www.esf.edu/willow/.
Forest Farming Non-Timber Products: Opportunities and Challenges Webinar
Forest farming, the cultivation of understory plants and fungi with economic value, may be a way for small-scale forest landowners to realize greater benefits. This presentation, given by James Chamberlain, USDA Forest Service, examines opportunities for forest farming in the Appalachian forest region, and challenges that could frustrate efforts to diversify forest operations. To view the archived webinar, visit http://www.forestrywebinars.net/webinars/forest-farming-non-timber-products-opportunities-challenges.
Best Management Practices for Log-Based Shiitake Cultivation
University of Vermont and Cornell have published a guide full of technical advice, step-by-step instructions, and helpful tips for growers who want to explore shiitake mushroom cultivation on their own land. Shiitake mushrooms are the second-most cultivated variety in the world, and the demand for locally produced, log-grown shiitakes is high among chefs and consumers. You can access the guide at http://www.uvm.edu/~susagctr/resources/ShiitakeGuide.pdf
Managing Alternative Pollinators: A Handbook for Beekeepers
A new book, Managing Alternative Pollinators: A Handbook for Beekeepers, Growers, and Conservationist, is now available from NRAES. The handbook is a first-of-its-kind, in-depth, full-color guide to rearing and managing bumble bees, mason bees, leafcutter bees, and other alternatives to honey bee pollinators. The 162 page book features 130+ color photos, 10 chapters, 7 appendices, nest construction details, parasite and disease management guidelines, and much more. http://palspublishing.cals.cornell.edu/nra_order.taf_function=detail&pr_id=191&_UserReference=75D51A430AC0D35D537F9F69
Economics of Growing Alternative Crops
Thinking about trying a new enterprise? Before taking the plunge, you’ll want to check out the capital, labor and management requirements for the alternative agricultural production possibilities. A new series of crop and livestock enterprise budgets available from the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and the Beginning Farmers Center at Iowa State University gives farmers a quick overview of when alternative operations might work for them and how. Enterprise budgets for raspberries, dairy goats, Christmas trees, sweet corn, sorghum, popcorn, sheep and beekeeping are provided. www.leopold.iastate.edu/pubs/enterprise.html.
“A Growing Culture:” Sustainable Agriculture
“A Growing Culture” is a website that seeks to empower the sustainable agriculture movement by highlighting traditional and alternative farm practices used throughout the world, while cultivating a web-based community where farmers and ecological agriculture advocates can come together for education, networking, idea exchange, ethical debate and inspiration. http://www.agrowingculture.org/.
The Chinese Medicinal Herb Farm: A Cultivator’s Guide to Small-Scale Organic Herb Production
“Peg Schafer, the most experienced grower of Chinese medicinal herbs in North America, charts a new course in Chinese medicinal plant cultivation by providing the guidance needed to grow the most important of these herbs domestically. This book offers more than just cultivation tips, but also an assurance of proper plant identification, optimal growing and harvesting conditions, freshness of materials, and the ability to access Chinese medicinals with the lowest carbon footprint possible.” —Roy Upton, Executive Director, American Herbal Pharmacopoeia. http://media.chelseagreen.com/the-chinese-medicinal-herb-farm/
ATTRA — Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas
ATTRA is one of the best sources of information on non-traditional agricultural enterprises. It provides many publications, both online and in print, for those interested in alternative crop and livestock enterprises, including: horticulture, organic, livestock, dairy, and more. http://attra.ncat.org/.
Alternative Crops & Enterprises for Small Farm Diversification
The Alternative Crops & Enterprises List is a USDA resource to help farmers and farm advisors identify alternative crops, unusual livestock, and innovative farming enterprises. In addition, the USDA web site provides links to online documents, organizations, databases, and other sites that can help farmers assess and implement alternatives in their farming operations. http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/AFSIC_pubs/altlist.htm.
Diversify Crops to Boost Profits and Stewardship
A bulletin posted by SARE (Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education Foundation) to help farmers identify alternative crops that command higher prices in the market. http://www.sare.org/Learning-Center/Bulletins/Diversifying-Cropping-Systems
NewCROP (New Crops Resource Online Program) is an information-rich Purdue University site related to crop plants. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/.
Cornell Aquaculture Program Work Team
This Program Work Team is statewide, made up of individuals from the state’s aquaculture industry, employees from state agencies with aquaculture responsibilities, and members from academia with aquaculture responsibilities (research and outreach). The primary types of aquaculture represented on the team are shellfish aquaculture from the marine portion of NY, and recirculating aquaculture system technology (RAS) utilized for intensive production of seafood. http://bee.cornell.edu/cals/bee/outreach/aquaculture/index.cfm.
The North American Deer Farmers Association
The North American Deer Farmers Association exists to establish, encourage, and facilitate an exchange of ideas on breeding, handling, and deer farm management among members. Visit this site for information about the goals of the NADeFA and deer farming in general. http://www.nadefa.org/.
Northern Aquaculture is a monthly trade publication devoted to the growth of a strong, economically viable, and environmentally conscious cold water aquaculture industry in North America. It covers the latest news in finfish and shellfish culture from both coasts as well as the central regions of North America. Species covered include salmon, trout, arctic charr, halibut, and shellfish. http://www.naqua.com/.
Hay Production Resources for New York State and Similar Climates
Hay Production Resources was put together to add to the knowledge of veteran farmers and provide a knowledge base for new farmers. It is a collection of articles, spreadsheets, and other resources related to high quality hay production.
Making Hay in a Day
In his publication Wide Swath Research: Open the Mowing Window While Maintaining Forage Quality, recently retired CCE Educator Tom Kilcer shows how farmers are able to mow wide swath on clear evenings, or early in the morning, and accumulate the same feed value as mowing that morning. This publication is one of many resources available at the website of the farmer-guided Northern New York Agricultural Development Program. http://www.nnyagdev.org/index.php/field-crops/research-hay/.
Making Organic Small Grains Work on Your Farm – ATTRA Webinar
Organic small grains are part of a growing niche market of staple crops that can command higher market prices and bring more to a farmer’s bottom line. Learn how farmers in traditional grain-growing regions are using organic production methods and find out if organic small grain production is right for you. Using organic techniques can cut input costs and the organic premium for high-quality grains can be 75 percent above the conventional market. But there are challenges in organic production, including over-dependence on tillage, proper nutrient management and rotation development. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y5k6gKSJiJk
Cornell’s Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Web Site
Cornell’s Department of Crop and Soil Sciences web site includes research, extension, recent publications, and featured links. http://css.cals.cornell.edu/.
Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management
Cornell Cooperative Extension’s comprehensive resource for aspects of field crop integrated pest management. http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/fieldcrops/default.asp.
Penn State: Nutrient Management
This Penn State site features livestock-oriented information, regulations and planning resources, water and environmental policy, phosphorus and the P-index, and more. http://nutrient.psu.edu/.
Penn State: Agronomy Guide
The Penn State Agronomy Guide is designed for easy reading and quick reference. In Part One: Crop and Soil Management, the chapters on specific crops include information about varieties, nutritional requirements, establishment, harvesting, and special considerations. In Part Two: Pest Management, the chapters on pest control for specific crops include sections on weeds, insects, and diseases. http://agguide.agronomy.psu.edu/.
University of Vermont: Crops and Soils
University of Vermont Extension information on forage crop management, pasture management, corn grain and silage production, soybeans and small grains, nutrient and manure management, pest management, and more. http://pss.uvm.edu/vtcrops/.
ATTRA Field Crops Resources
Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas ATTRA provides many publications for those interested in field crop production. http://attra.ncat.org/field.html
Yield Expectations for Mixed-Stand, Small-Scale Agriculture
Without a lot of experience production farming, it can be difficult to forecast crop yields. However, yield expectations are a crucial aspect of farm planning. Rutgers Extension has compiled reasonable yield expectations for a variety of crops in small-scale agriculture systems to assist beginning farmers and others in planning farms and agricultural projects. The report is available at the Rutgers Extension site: http://njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/urbanfringe/pdfs/urbanfringe-v07n01.pdf.
Research: Sustainable Approaches to Onion Production
With funding from SARE, Cornell Extension Vegetable Specialist Christine Hoepting, is investigating new approaches to onion production which incorporate conservation tillage and other soil conservation measures. Previous studies have shown reduction in onion spacing can decrease bacterial rot and the effect of surface residue decreasing wind damage. Hoepting’s findings are available on the SARE site by searching “Hoepting” under coordinator-name search: http://mysare.sare.org/mySARE/ProjectReport.aspx?do=search.
Research: Saving Soil, Nutrients and Money with Cover Crops
Oregon State University (OSU) Extension specialists, with funding from SARE, have spent six years studying the role cover crops play in fertility management. To date, the OSU researchers’ main contribution is a calculator for estimating the cost and Nitrogen (N) contribution of cover crops, compost, and organic and synthetic fertilizers. The calculator has been used by more than 620 people since 2010, representing more than 52,000 acres. The profit potential from cover crops’ role in nutrient management is immense: In one trial, the OSU researchers found a vetch cover crop could replace 110 pounds per acre of feather meal for a broccoli crop, leading to a cost saving of $500 per acre. To use the calculator and access more cover cropping resources, click here.
Cornell University Releases Buckwheat Cover Crop Handbook
In the Northeast, vegetable farmers are rediscovering how to manage buckwheat effectively, thanks to Cornell University research that demonstrated a well-established stand of buckwheat eliminated 98 percent of summer weeds. The Cornell team, supported by a 2005-08 SARE grant, developed a definitive, 18-page Buckwheat Cover Crop Handbook, based on their research, that outlines important management strategies. Based on their surveys and outreach, the team estimates that by 2008, their efforts had helped 3,000 farmers use buckwheat successfully on a combined 18,000 acres in vegetable production. The handbook can be accessed here.
Organic Vegetable and Fruit Production Guides
Cornell University has published a series of organic vegetable and fruit production guides. The guides cover the vegetable crops: carrots, peas, beans, cole crops, cucumbers, squash, lettuce, peas, potatoes and spinach. Fruit crops include apples, blueberries, grapes and strawberries. With pest control product limitations, the guides offer commercial vegetable producers organic integrated pest management (IPM) techniques such as keeping accurate pest history records, selecting the proper site, and preventing pest outbreaks through use of crop rotation, resistant varieties, and biological controls. The guides can be downloaded as free PDF documents. http://nysipm.cornell.edu/organic_guide/.
Vineyard Site Selection Tool
Cornell University has developed a site selection tool for growers. The New York Vineyard Site Evaluation System offers users macroscopic aerial views of the state’s diverse grape-growing regions, as well as the ability to zoom into a parcel of land to assess site-specific factors, such as winter low temperatures, growing season length, soil chemistry and texture, drainage capabilities, and slope of the land. Access to the tool is free, and educational materials and a website tutorial are provided. http://arcserver2.iagt.org/vll/.
The Holistic Orchard: Tree Fruits and Berries the Biological Way
“The words ‘holistic’ and ‘comprehensive’ barely do honor to Michael Phillips’ scope in The Holistic Orchard. The author has woven multiple strands of orchard knowledge—based on his expansive vision and a lifetime of experience, together with the wisdom of researchers and fellow fruit growers—into a brilliant web that captures the wonderful complexity of the orchard ecosystem. A sparkling joy to behold!”
—Guy Ames, orchardist and tree fruit specialist with ATTRA, the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service.
Organic Apple Production and Marketing Webinar – Available Online
This organic apple webinar was produced by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), with funding provided by USDA through the ATTRA program (National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service). The hour-long webinar was recorded, and has now been posted online. You can watch it for free on your computer screen whenever you have the time. www.attra.ncat.org/video/#apples.
2014 Cornell Pest Management Guide for Berry Crops
Cornell publishes this guide annually, so it contains the most up to date information on pest management and crop production for berry crops, including wildlife management, and the harvesting, handling and transporting of berry crops. http://ipmguidelines.org/berrycrops/
High Tunnel Web Resources from Rutgers University
High tunnel growing offers season extension, yield and quality improvements, reduction in fertilizer leaching, reduction in costly pesticide and fungicide inputs, and quick payback on capital investment. They are an answer to many farmers’ problems, if you are willing to manage the technology. This expanded online resource center includes a 60-image step-by-step how-to tunnel construction tutorial by A.J. Both and Wes Kline: http://njsustainingfarms.rutgers.edu/hightunnels.html.
Video: High tunnel seminar, Dept. of Horticulture, Cornell University
This video from Sept. 14, 2009 captures a recent Department of Horticulture seminar on the benefits of high tunnels for extending the season early and late for vegetables, flowers and berries. Presenters: Dr. Marvin Pritts, Dr. Chris Wien, and intern Elizabeth Buck. For more info, visit the Cornell High Tunnels website at: http://www.hort.cornell.edu/hightunnel/. Video: http://blogs.cornell.edu/hort/2009/09/16/video-high-tunnel-seminar/.
How to Build a Hoop House Slide Show
Want to build your own hoop house? Learn how by watching instructional slide shows available free on the Kerr Center’s website. The shows take would-be builders through the construction process step-by-step. An up-to-date materials/cost list and links to websites with more information are also available free online. http://www.kerrcenter.com/publications/hoophouse/hoophouse-how-to-slideshow.htm.
Managing Cover Crops Profitably
Managing Cover Crops Profitably explores how and why cover crops work and provides all the information needed to build cover crops into any farming operation. Revised and updated in 2007, the 3rd edition includes chapters on brassicas, six new farm profiles, as well as a comprehensive chapter on the use of cover crops in conservation tillage systems. Updates throughout are based on more than 100 new literature citations and consultations with cover crop researchers and practitioners around the country. Appendices include seed sources and a listing of cover crop experts. http://www.sare.org/Learning-Center/Books/Managing-Cover-Crops-Profitably-3rd-Edition.
Pollinator Toolkit Available for Organic Farmers
Organic farming offers many benefits to pollinators but some common organic-approved pesticides and practices can be potentially just as harmful to bees and other pollinators as conventional farming systems. The Xerces Society developed Organic Farming for Bees, a tool kit for organic growers that includes guidance on how to minimize disturbance to pollinators from farm activities, and how to provide nest sites and foraging patches. In particular, two fact sheets provide information on toxicity to native pollinators for all major organic-approved insecticides and about pollinator-friendly organic farming practices. http://www.xerces.org/organic-farms/.
USDA 2012 Plant Hardiness Zone Map
The zone map is a great resource for gardeners, farmers, plant breeders and seed companies in determining the plant varieties appropriate for a specific region. The model is also used by scientists to project the spread of weeds and insects. The 2012 map registers an increase in temperatures in most areas, so it may change the varieties of plants that will thrive in historically colder regions. http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/.
Cornell Vegetables: Resources for Commercial Growers
The website Cornell Vegetables: Resources for Commercial Growers contains many resources about crops, soil, pest management and other relevant topics and has been organized in a grower friendly fashion. www.vegetables.cornell.edu/.
SARE Fact Sheet: Grafting Tomatoes as Cost-Effective Way to Increase Yield
The Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Foundation found that grafting tomatoes is a cost-effective way to increase disease resistance and improve plant health and yield. The fact sheet, Tomato Grafting for Disease Resistance and Increased Productivity, is available at the SARE Learning Center along with many other fact sheets. http://www.sare.org/Learning-Center/Fact-Sheets.
Cornell University Beach plum (Prunus maritima) is a fruiting shrub native to coastal dunes of the northeastern United States. Cornell Beach Plum research has been working toward developing an integrated system for a sustainable beach plum industry. This includes fruit production, processing the crop into value-added products, developing niche markets for these products, and educating growers, processors, and marketers. http://www.beachplum.cornell.edu/.
The New York Berry News
Cornell’s New York Berry News online newsletter is a newsletter that aspires to provide a statewide perspective on the production of berry crops in New York. http://www.fruit.cornell.edu/nybn/
Cornell Fruit Resources: Berries
A gateway to berry production information at Cornell University, the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, and related programs. http://www.fruit.cornell.edu/berry.html.
Farmers and Their Innovative Cover Cropping Techniques
This University of Vermont video features 10 vegetable and berry farms in 5 northeastern states (MA, NH, NJ, PA, VT) that have experimented with and refined a wide variety of creative cover cropping practices. http://www.uvm.edu/vtvegandberry/Videos/covercropvideo.html.
Cornell’s guidelines on growing and propagating strawberries. http://www.fruit.cornell.edu/berry/production/strawberryproduction.htm.
Tree Fruit Scaffolds Fruit Journal
Cornell University’s Scaffolds Fruit Journal is the weekly update on pest management and crop development. http://www.scaffolds.entomology.cornell.edu/.
List of Fruit Tree Books
West Virginia University List and descriptions of books on fruit trees. http://www.caf.wvu.edu/kearneysville/BookList.html.
New York Fruit Quarterly
This publication is a joint effort of the New York State Horticultural Society, Cornell University’s New York State Agricultural Experiment Station at Geneva, and the New York State Apple Research and Development Program. The publication is available online in PDF format.
The Cornell Commercial Vegetable Production program is a cooperative effort between Extension educators and horticulturists, entomologists, pathologists, economists, and engineers at both the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva and academic departments in Ithaca. http://www.vegetables.cornell.edu/.
List of Smartphone Vineyard Apps Available
There are many GIS/GPS programs out there that can help with vineyard management, as well as various smartphone and tablet apps that can improve efficiency in the vineyard. This website provides a relatively comprehensive list of links to more information on these apps to help get you started. Visit http://lergp.org/apps to access the list.
Fact Sheet on Thinning Asian Pears
Achieving the optimal size for Asian pears along with optimum yield requires substantial fruit thinning because this type of tree blooms so heavily. In the past, most Asian pear thinning has been done by hand, but a SARE-funded team of researchers and farmers in New Jersey recently studied how effectively Asian pears were thinned by a synthetic plant growth regulator called benzyladenine. They found that MaxCel, one of several chemical thinners that contain benzyladenine, can reduce the cost of hand-thinning by up to 50 percent while delivering fruit yields and sizes comparable to those of untreated, hand-thinned control trees. The fact sheet that they developed to introduce and guide growers through this chemical thinning process can be downloaded here.
Draft Animal Power Network
An organization bringing together people who are interested in using draft animals for sustainable farming, forestry and homesteading. Newsletters, events, online discussions, and resource lists provide numerous educational and networking opportunities for traditional and modern draft animal techniques. An international online discussion forum, boasts 2,800 members engaged in over 3,200 discussions about draft animals, equipment and sustainable land based enterprises. To learn more, become a member or get involved, please visit www.draftanimalpowernetwork.org.
Backpack Sprayer Videos: Learn to Use Sprayers More Efficiently
Learn how to better use modified backpack sprayers to save time and money, and improve safety, by watching the 7 videos created by Rutgers Research Farm. This may be a helpful resource for small, organic and urban farmers, both beginning and experienced. To watch the videos, visit http://snyderfarm.rutgers.edu/snyder-backpack-sprayers.html.
Mechanical Cultivation Tools for Organic Farmers
Looking to diversify your cultivation techniques? A new publication from Penn State Extension and provides some useful tips and management strategies for controlling weeds on an organic farm. The recommendations emerged from equipment demonstrations conducted by The Seed Farm Incubator Program as well as discussions with farmers. The publication is available on the Penn State Extension site: http://extension.psu.edu/start-farming/news/2012/vegetable-equipment-considerations-for-new-organic-farmers.
The Seed Farm Small Farmer Equipment Videos
A non-profit organization called The Seed Farm has videos focused on four different types of equipment: Paper Pot Transplanter, Push Seeder, Plastic Layer, and Spader. These videos demonstrate how to use each piece of equipment and the potential benefits. Check out the videos at http://theseedfarm.org/equipment-videos.
Grazing Heifers: An Opportunity for Large Dairy Farms
by Fay Benson and Dr. Sam Leadley of Attica Vet Clinic. Topics covered in this booklet:
1) A comparative analysis of cost savings of using grazing during one grazing season of a heifer’s growth period
2) Health benefits to the heifer
3) A summary of the terms and description of Management Intensive Grazing (MIG)
4) Tips on handling and movement of large groups of new-to-grazing heifers
5) Tips on fencing for the dairy heifer which has no experience with grazing or fencing
6) Vaccinations and parasite protection specific to heifers going to pasture
7) Fly Control
8) Miscellaneous Bio Security issues
9) Checklist for farmers considering putting heifers out on pasture
10) Sample Contract for the Custom Grazing of Heifers
Download the Guide.
A Beginner’s Guide to Silvopasturing in the Northeast
Silvopasturing is the deliberate and managed production of livestock and timber or other forest products on the same land over an extended period of time.
Cornell University Poisonous Plants Home Page
Cornell’s reference guide to toxic plants with plant images, pictures of affected animals, and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis, and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc.). http://www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants/index.html.
A clearinghouse for information about pasture-based farming, with extensive e-mail lists. http://www.eatwild.com/.
Greenhouse Management Publications: PALS Publications
PALS Publishing, formerly NRAES, offers multiple books for sale focused on commercial greenhouse production. Titles include: Enhancing Profitability in Greenhouse Firms, Greenhouse Engineering, and Energy Conservation for Commercial Greenhouses. http://palspublishing.cals.cornell.edu/
Integrated Pest Management for Greenhouse Growers
University of Connecticut information for greenhouse growers about how to use integrated pest management to manage pests while maintaining crop productivity, quality, and marketability. http://www.ipm.uconn.edu/pa_greenhouse/
Floral Facts — Index of Factsheets
University of Massachusetts Extension index of fact sheets on topics of interest to commercial flower and greenhouse growers, including cut flowers. http://www.umass.edu/umext/floriculture/fact_sheets/index.html.
Association of Specialty Cut Flower Growers: Publications and Information
The Association of Specialty Cut Flower Growers (ASCFG) offers a wide variety of resources and publications for sale. Book titles include: The Flower Farmer: An Organic Grower’s Guide to Raising and Selling Cut Flowers by Lynn Byczynski and Field Grown Cut Flowers: A Practical Guide and Sourcebook by Alan Stevens. http://www.ascfg.org/.
EPA – Agriculture Sector: Nurseries and Greenhouses
This Environmental Protection Agency site will give you information about environmental requirements for the production of many types of agricultural crops grown in nurseries and greenhouses, such as ornamental plants and specialty fruits and vegetables. http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/nurgreen.html.
Pesticide Management Education Program Distance Learning Center
This website is the home to online pesticide applicator courses provided by Cornell Cooperative Extension. All courses qualify for New York DEC recertification credits. http://pmepcourses.cce.cornell.edu/.
Backpack Sprayer Videos: Learn to Use Sprayers More Efficiently
Learn how to better use modified backpack sprayers to save time and money, and improve safety, by watching the 7 videos created by Rutgers Research Farm. This may be a helpful resource for small, organic and urban farmers, both beginning and experienced. http://snyderfarm.rutgers.edu/snyder-backpack-sprayers.html.
Cornell Insect Identification: Mail in a Sample or send a Photo
If you are unsure of the name of an insect or related organism, send in a sample of the insect to the Cornell Diagnostic Lab for identification. For a $25 fee, the Cornell Diagnostic Lab will identify your insect and provide management suggestions if needed. For more information about the program and proper sampling protocol, visit this site:
IPM Resource: Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards and How to Conserve Them
This 12-page, full-color guide helps readers identify wild pollinators, provide them with food and habitat, and avoid pesticides that are toxic to them. By encouraging wild bee abundance and diversity, agricultural growers may be able to buffer rising honey bee rental costs while creating an environment that better supports both wild and commercial bees. Download the Wild Pollinators guide (pdf) at http://www.northeastipm.org/neipm/assets/File/Center-Funded-Publications/Wild-Pollinators-of-Eastern-Apple-Orchards.pdf.
To request hard copies in quantity, contact the Northeast IPM Center at http://www.northeastipm.org/index.cfm
Poultry Processor Web Listing by State
Are you or a local farmer looking for a place that can process your poultry flocks? Are you a processor that would like some free advertising? ATTRA – the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service – has an interactive poultry processor web listing by state. To view and add information to the database visit the site at http://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub//poultry_processors/.
If you know of a processor in your area, or are a processor yourself, you can also email email@example.com with the name and contact information.
ATTRA Poultry Resources
Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas offers many publications related to poultry production. https://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/poultry/.
University of Minnesota’s Poultry Publications
University of Minnesota’s list of poultry publications, from various sources. Topics include hatchery management, pest control, small scale production, and more. http://www.poultryu.umn.edu/PublicationsandResources/index.htm
Newly Revised Profitable Poultry: Raising Birds on Pasture Now Available
To help farmers interested in pastured poultry learn more about these important considerations – pasturing systems, animal health, cooperative marketing, quality of life concerns and much more – SARE is pleased to present the newly revised, Profitable Poultry: Raising Birds on Pasture. This bulletin, originally published in 2006 and updated in 2012, combines farmer experiences and the latest research to serve as a comprehensive primer on pastured-poultry systems. Get a free online or print copy here:
Squab Production Resources
Wild and domestic breeds of pigeons are raised for a variety of markets. The article Raising Pigeons, gives a general introduction to squab production. For information on choosing a suitable breed, refer to this excerpt from “Practical Animal Husbandry” by Jack Widmer. Information about avian health can be found here.
New Video in Pastured Poultry Series Now Available on ATTRA Website
This video features Ann Baier, an organic program specialist with the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), discussing “Branding for Differentiating and Marketing Pastured Poultry Products.” Baier has experience providing training and education to minority and limited resource farmers. She also is an inspector for the California Certified Organic Farmers and was the Executive Director of Roots and Wings, a nonprofit organization that provides farm- and garden-based education and training programs to young people. Baier’s keynote speech is archived on the ATTRA website at https://attra.ncat.org/video/along with the other keynote speeches in the series.
Urban Farm Magazine
It doesn’t take a farm to have the heart of a farmer. Now, due to a burgeoning sustainable-living movement, you don’t have to own acreage to fulfill your dream of raising your own food. The new Urban Farm Magazine, from the editors of Hobby Farms, will walk you down the path to self- sustainability. Urban Farm’s mission is to promote the benefits of self-sustainability and to provide the tools with which to do it on any size property. Urban Farm is informational and inspirational, filled with how-to projects, profiles of urban farmers across America, “green” and innovative products, and of course, recipes for preparing your homegrown vegetables, eggs and other farm bounty. http://www.hobbyfarms.com/urban-farm/home.aspx.
Just Food: The City Farms
The City Farms project goal is to encourage New York City community gardeners to understand and appreciate the concepts of community food security, and to be motivated to grow, distribute, and market more food within their communities. The program works to increase food production, marketing, and distribution via community gardens throughout NYC. Available for purchase on the Just Food site is The City Farms Toolkit, a comprehensive guide to urban agriculture in NYC. The Toolkit is comprised of over 70 tip sheets touching on everything from planting calendars to soil care to season extension. This toolkit also contains a resources directory linking community gardeners to over 100 relevant agencies and organizations. Although this toolkit was developed specifically for city farmers in New York City, most elements are useful to hobby gardeners, urban farmers and organic growers everywhere. http://www.justfood.org/city-farms.
City Farmer’s Urban Agriculture Notes
A huge compilation of urban agriculture resources. The site includes local (Vancouver) city farmer stories and urban agriculture information from around the globe. http://www.cityfarmer.info/.
Farming Concrete’s 2012 citywide Harvest Report
Farming Concrete has a published 2012 inventory of New York City gardens. For a full list of NYC community and school gardens, as well as more data on the productivity of these gardens, please visit http://farmingconcrete.org/home/ to check out that report and others.
JUST FOOD Online Resource Center in Spanish
Just Food has released a Spanish-language version of the Farming for NYC Toolkit. The Toolkit provides resources on farming production in NYC and beyond. Resources include info on starting up, CSA’s, farmers markets, and much more! To view these great resources: http://justfood.org/farmer-outreach/spanish-language-resources.
NOFA-NY Farm Technical Assistance Help Line
The Northeast Organic Farming Association (NOFA-NY) offers a Help Line for technical assistance questions relating to organic farming. Have a nagging issue or question about who, what, when, or how regarding organic? Try the NOFA-NY Help Line to help reduce risks associated with organic agriculture in your future. Call toll free, 1-855-2NOFANY, or 1-855-266-3269. You may also email our Education Coordinators for technical assistance at firstname.lastname@example.org
Organic Agriculture Resource Area: eXtension Website
The eXtension website, hosted by Cornell Cooperative Extension, has devoted a new portion of the site to organic agriculture. This resource is designed for farmers, ranchers, agricultural professionals, certifiers, researchers and educators seeking reliable information about organic agriculture. It includes published research results, stories of farmer experiences, and information about organic certification. Currently, the site’s content is focused on general organic agriculture, dairy production, and vegetable production. The content is collaboratively authored and reviewed by a community of University researchers and Extension personnel, agricultural professionals, farmers, and certifiers with experience and expertise in organic agriculture. The site includes many great features such as an event calendar, an email question and answer section, access to publications, and relevant news updates. http://www.extension.org/organic%20production.
Guide for Small Organic Farmers
Small Scale Organics is a guide produced by the Kerr Center for exempt organic farms (<$5,000 annual organic sales) and those in the marketplace that interact with these small growers, such as farmers market managers and produce buyers. The guide includes details for assessing compliance with the National Organic Standards, templates for abbreviated Organic System Plans, and simplified record forms. http://www.kerrcenter.com/publications/small-scale-organics.pdf.
Organic Agriculture at Cornell
Sponsored by the Cornell Organic Working Group to share information about Cornell research, teaching, and extension programs in organic production and marketing. http://www.organic.cornell.edu/.
NEON — The Northeast Organic Network
A consortium of farmers, researchers, extension educators, and grassroots non-profits working to improve organic farmers access to research and support. http://www.neon.cornell.edu/.
Dilmun Hill Cornell Student Farm
Mission: to provide experiential learning opportunities and educational facilities for Cornell students, faculty, staff and the local community in the exploration of sustainable food and agricultural systems. http://cuaes.cornell.edu/cals/cuaes/ag-operations/dilmun-hill/.
National Organic Program
The NOP is a marketing program housed within the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service. The NOP developed national organic standards and established an organic certification program based on recommendations of the 15-member National Organic Standards Board (NOSB). The NOP web site provides information for producers, consumers, and certifying agents relating to USDA’s organic standards and procedures. http://www.ams.usda.gov/nop/.
Top-Bar Beekeeping: Organic Practices for Honeybee Health Published
Looking to learn more about top-bar hive management techniques? Les Crowder and Heather Harrell recently published an intensive guide to top-bar beekeeping. “This book presents practical advice, gained from first-hand experience, on the organic management of top bar hives. This book will serve as an excellent guide to the ever-growing number of beekeepers that utilizes less intrusive management schemes such as top bar hives. Thanks to Les and Heather for their efforts to provide sound advice on natural ways to keep bees.” —Dr. Jeff Pettis, USDA-ARS. Available at the Chelsea Green Publishing site: http://media.chelseagreen.com/top-bar-beekeeping/.
Organic Production Guide for Storage of Organic Fruits and Vegetables
Cornell University’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program offers a multitude of organic production guides, including a new guide outlining management principles for storage of fruits and vegetables. The guide provides specific product recommendations for over 50 different vegetables. To view the IPM guides, visit http://www.nysipm.cornell.edu/organic_guide/default.asp.
Handbook for Natural Beekeeping – Certified Naturally Grown
Are you a beekeeper seeking to manage your hive naturally – without the use of synthetic treatments? Certified Naturally Grown (CNG) has recently updated their Handbook for Natural Beekeeping which describes practices for promoting hive health and managing pests and diseases. The handbook also details requirements for CNG certification. To order the handbook, visit http://crm.naturallygrown.org/store.
USDA Organic Resource Guide
The United States Department of Agriculture has recently developed a guide to help connect current and prospective organic farmers with USDA resources. The guide aims to help farmers and organic operations in obtaining technical and financial assistance; insuring crops and livestock; accessing and funding research; securing loans; and, much more! To view the guide, visithttp://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/organicinfo.
Basics of Organic Seed Production – Free Online Course and Resources
Looking to incorporate organic seed production into your operation? The Organic Seed Alliance with a grant from SARE have provided a multitude of resources on seed production. Contributors to the course include representatives from High Mowing Seeds, Seeds of Change, Siskiyou Seeds. Topics include choosing the right seed for your climate, onion seed production, beet and chard seed production, brassica seed production, and more! To take the free course, visithttp://campus.extension.org/course/view.php?id=377.
New NOP Guides on Organic Certification
The new guides are part of the USDA’s National Organic Program’s Organic Literacy Initiative, which was launched earlier this year. This effort has included self-paced training modules, outreach materials, and a guide to organic and organic-related USDA programs. Beginning farmers and existing organic operations can find detailed information about organic certification in the four new guides available now on the ATTRA-National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service website. The guide topics are: Guide to Organic Crop Producers, Guide for Organic Livestock Producers, Guide for Organic Processors, Organic Certification of Farms and Businesses Producing Agricultural Products. The guides were written by sustainable-agriculture experts at the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) in partnership with the USDA National Organic Program (NOP). To access the guides, visit: www.attra.ncat.org.
On-Farm Processing Guide Available
Farm Made: A Guide to On-Farm Processing for Organic Producers is a publication that has valuable information for those who want to process organic ingredients into value-added organic products on the farm. It uses four example enterprises: Sorghum Syrup, Packaged Fresh Salad Greens, Jams, Jellies, and Spreads, and Table Eggs. The guide is published by Kerr Center, distributed by Kerr Center and ATTRA, with funding from the Organic Farming Research Foundation. http://www.kerrcenter.com/publications/FarmMadeReport09.pdf.
Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables & Herbs for Market Recently Published
Keith Stewart, author of Storey’s Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables & Herbs for Market addresses everything you need to know to successfully grow and market organic vegetables and herbs, covering land, equipment, crop mix, growing techniques, irrigation, soil fertility, pests, greenhouses, harvesting, storage, labor, debt, customer management, sales, accounting, and much more. With this comprehensive guide, you can turn your dream of a thriving farm into a profitable reality. Visit http://www.amazon.com/Storeys-Growing-Organic-Vegetables-ebook/dp/B008NEZRRQ to order the book.
NY Farm Bureau Farm Labor & Laws Guides
The New York State Farm Bureau has the following guides for sale: Farmer’s Guide to Labor & Employment Laws, Farmer’s Guide to ICE and Immigration Law Enforcement Activities: An Employer’s Rights and Responsibilities, Farmer’s Guide to Truck & Farm Implement Laws & Regulations, and Farmer’s Guide to Oil and Gas Leases. The prices are varied and depend on member or non-member status. http://www.nyfb.org/resources/.